The red clover blossom has been very helpful, I have been off Premarin for three months now, and forever. Red clover does well at encouraging healing from inside the body, but castor oil had helped more than anything. I purchased organic castor oil from Swanson, it's the best castor oil I have ever used, it's thick and long lasting (I have tried other brands, including the Now brand, but they are too runny to be of use). I use it externally whenever I have discomfort. I tried coconut oil, but it just wasn't thick enough to last very long. Castor oil is also excellent to use for lubrication if you experience painful intercourse, it again worked better than coconut oil for me. Another change I have made (that I wish I had done years ago), is switch to organic cotton pads during my period. This made a world of difference in the level of irritation I would experience during that time of the month.