We prepare our Marshmallow Extract from fresh (undried) roots of Althaea officinalis plants which are Certified Organically Grown on our own farm. To assure optimal extraction of Marshmallows bioactive compounds the roots are hand-dug in autumn or spring and are then taken directly to our laboratory and promptly extracted while still fresh and succulent. Ingredients: certified organic grain alcohol distilled water and Marshmallow extractives. Suggested Use: Shake Well Before Using. Two to five times per day take 30 to 40 drops in a little water. Caution: Keep Out of the Reach of Children. Size: 1 Oz.