Product Information from Herb Pharm Plant Part Extracted: Dried stem & root bark We prepare our Black Haw extract from the stem & root bark of Viburnum prunifolium trees which are Certified Organically Grown without the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides. To assure optimal extraction of Black Haw's bioactive compounds, the bark is hand-harvested in the early spring, is carefully shade-dried, and is then thoroughly extracted. Our Black Haw is never fumigated or irradiated. Suggested Use: Shake well before using. Two to four times per day take 30 to 40 drops in a little water. Ingredients: Dry herb/menstruum ratio: 1:5 Certified organic grain alcohol, distilled water, vegetable glycerine & Black Haw extractives. Warnings: Keep out of the reach of children.